Firefighters Stand Higher Risk Of Skin Cancer

Firefighters Stand Higher Risk Of Skin Cancer
Firefighters Stand Higher Risk Of Skin Cancer

Firefighters Stand Higher Risk Of Skin Cancer

Do you know that Firefighters stand a higher risk of skin cancer than anyone in other professional fields, a new study finds.

Overall, 109 firefighters (4.5 percent) reported having a diagnosis of skin cancer at some point, including 17, or 0.7 percent, who were diagnosed with melanoma . That’s higher than the rate of melanoma among Florida adults in the general population, which is only 0.01 percent, the researchers said. (Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer.)

According to thereport, Firefighters tended to be diagnosed with melanoma at younger ages, 42 years than adults of 64 years in the general U.S. population among firefighters.

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“It is certainly possible that chemicals encountered by firefighters during the incident response could be increasing their risk for skin cancer,” said study co-author Dr. Alberto Caban-Martinez, an assistant professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami’s Miller School of Medicine.

For example, soot produced by the combustion of materials can contain harmful chemical compounds that may increase the risk of cancer. “This soot can transfer from the fire to their fire engine/truck, back to their fire station and possibly even home.”

Another group of chemicals produced by combustion is called the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are known cancer-causing chemicals. One study found that these chemicals can enter people’s skin through specific receptors, Caban-Martinez said.

This isn’t the first study to uncover a link between firefighting and cancer risks: Other studies have found that firefighters have an increased risk of a number of cancers, including those of the digestive, oral, respiratory and urinary systems, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The researchers in the recent study also looked at other skin cancer risk factors among firefighters. The scientists found that a little over one-third (34 percent) of firefighters in the study said they used sunscreen most of the time or always when they were outdoors. Firefighters with a history of skin cancer were more likely to report sunscreen use than those without a history of skin cancer, the study found.

Only 14 percent of firefighters in the study, and 12 percent of those with a history of skin cancer, reported wearing long pants outdoors (which can protect against sun exposure). About 1 in 4 (24 percent) of firefighters said they had used a tanning bed at some point in their lives. That’s lower than the average prevalence of tanning bed use among adults in Western countries, which is around 36 percent, the study said. (Use of tanning beds is linked with an increased risk of skin cancer.)
Overall, about 50 percent of firefighters said they had undergone a full-body check for skin cancer. That’s higher than the rate of skin cancer screening among the general population of Florida adults, which is 11 percent.

The new study suggests that doctors should also educate patients about what they can do to protect themselves from UV light (such as wearing sunscreen or protective clothing) while working outdoors for extended periods, he said.