Is Seasonal Affective Disorder Real? Symptoms & Therapy
Is Seasonal Affective Disorder Real? Symptoms & Therapy.
Have you ever for once come in contact with someone who just go sad for unknown reasons to you, and you try to figure where have I actually wrong him or her? Sometimes this people could actually act like they have lost their mind when they are face with this symptom.
Or do you think their mode usually change frequently due to personal temperament, is why they likely act as a sadist?
Today in this article we’ll look at seasonal affective disorder (SAD), symptoms and therapy, and how to identify when someone has such disorder.
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While you are praying and hopping for summer to approach, some are just not comfortable about it. Because summer doesn’t mean fun in the sun for everyone. Some people become downright sick of summer due to the fact they could experience SAD.
According to medical term for such word, it is called “Seasonal affective disorder” also known as (SAD). (SAD) is an old term for major depressive disorder (MDD) with seasonal pattern. It’s a psychological condition that results in depression, normally provoked by seasonal change. People typically experience the condition in winter. The condition most often occurs in women and in adolescents and young adults.
Thought the causes behind SAD are still unknown, but researchers are learning more about its biological clues. Contributing factors can vary from person to person. However, people who live in parts of the country that have long winter nights (due to higher latitudes) and less sunlight are more likely to experience the condition. For example, SAD is more common in Canada and Alaska than in sunnier Florida.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). “People tend to feel the symptoms in the autumn and more severely in the winter,” said Dr. Victor Fornari, the director of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Zucker Hillside Hospital in Long Island, New York.
Light is thought to influence SAD. One theory is that decreased sunlight exposure affects the natural biological clock that regulates hormones, sleep, and moods. Another theory is that light-dependent brain chemicals are more greatly affected in those with SAD.
People whose family members have a history of psychological conditions are also at greater risk for SAD. Reports of successful treatments using light therapy have led to a theory that dwindling daylight hours during fall and winter months interrupts some people’s circadian rhythms causing depression.
Symptoms Of Seasonal Affective Disorder?
The symptoms of SAD are the same as those that accompany depression. While SAD affects people differently, symptoms most commonly begin in October or November and end in March or April. However, it’s possible to experience symptoms before or after this time. In general, there are two types of SAD: wintertime and summertime.
Symptoms of wintertime SAD include:
- daytime fatigue
- difficulty concentrating
- feelings of hopelessness
- increased irritability
- lack of interest in social activities
- reduced sexual interest
- weight gain
Symptoms of summertime SAD include:
- difficulty sleeping
- increased restlessness
- lack of appetite
- weight loss
In severe instances, people with SAD can experience: “Hopelessness, unhappiness, irritability, a lack of interest in usual hobbies, difficulty paying attention, fatigue and withdrawing from friends and family,” and this could lead them to suicidal thoughts.
SAD sufferers go through a yearly cycle of depressive symptoms followed by a time when they are free from symptoms.
While sufferers may not experience SAD every year, they tend to have it 70 percent of the years. “So if you total up the amount of time of one’s life it can be the same as major depression disorder,” said Kathryn Roecklein, psychology professor at the University of Pittsburgh.
Diagnosis & tests Of Seasonal Affective Disorder?
The symptoms of SAD can mirror several other conditions, according to the Mayo Clinic.. These include:
- bipolar disorder
Usually physical tests are only required to rule out other causes of depressive symptoms. Sometimes a psychological evaluation is needed for severe forms of SAD, according to the NIH.
To be diagnosed with SAD, usually a person must meet the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental.
Treatment & Medication Seasonal Depression Disorder
SAD treatments take different forms, because a person afflicted with SAD may respond better to one therapy than another individual. But both forms of SAD can be treated with counseling and therapy.
While another treatment for wintertime SAD is light therapy. This involves using a specialized light box or visor for at least 30 minutes each day to replicate natural light.
“You sit a few feet away from the box. It can be very effective for people who have winter depression.” “Often what they’ll say is that, within a couple of days, they have more energy, that their mood is restored.”
Doctors recommend SAD sufferers get medical advice before trying light therapy on their own. Working with an expert gives it the best chance of working, because a doctor can prescribe how and when to use it and troubleshoot any issues.
A person trying light therapy should see their symptoms improve within three to four weeks if light therapy will help, according to the NIH.
Another treatment option is a dawn simulator. It uses a timer-activated light to mimic the sunrise, which helps to stimulate the body’s clock. Light therapy should be used only under a doctor’s supervision and on approved devices. Other light-emitting sources, such as tanning beds, are not safe for use.
Healthy lifestyle habits can also help minimize SAD symptoms. These can include:
- healthy diet with lean protein, fruits, and vegetables
- regular sleep
Some people benefit from medications such as antidepressants. These may include medications such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and bupropion (Wellbutrin). Talk to your doctor about which medication may be best to treat your symptoms.
Doctors may prescribe antidepressants for people suffering from SAD. A common drug prescribed for SAD is bupropion (Wellbutrin XL, Aplenzin), according to the Mayo Clinic. Several weeks may pass before a patient sees the full benefits of a medication.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may also help people manage the depressive symptoms of SAD. During therapy sessions, people are asked to identify negative thoughts that cause them distress. Specialists then teach them skills that help manage and modify negative thoughts, Fornari said.
Researchers recently have learned that CBT, unlike light therapy and antidepressants, keeps working. “If you use it this year, your chances of having an episode as bad in the following winter are decreased,” said Roecklein.
Doctors also recommend these individuals try to get as much natural daylight as possible by taking walks outside or sitting near windows. Exercising and staying connected with family and friends can also ease SAD symptoms.
According to the Mayo Clinic, some people have tried herbal remedies and dietary supplements to combat the symptoms of SAD; however, these remedies may interfere with medications and have unwanted side effects, so it’s best to speak with a doctor before trying them.
Also like to read : Motivate Yourself From Depression
Additional Resources For Learning More About SAD:
- The American Psychiatric Association explains how SAD may develop.
- The NIH talk about the winter blues and treatment options.
- Learn about how SAD can affect teenagers.