Malignant Mesothelioma: Causes, Diagnosis, Mesothelioma Treatment & Get Medical Help
Malignant Mesothelioma: Causes, Diagnosis, Mesothelioma Treatment & Get Medical Help.
So much has been emphasized about cancer of all kind, but no matter how much most of us are taught about cancer and its awareness, the fact is that most people still suffer and die of cancer daily. According to Canadian Cancer Society, an estimated 206,200 new cases of cancer and 80,800 deaths from cancer occurred in Canada in 2017. (The number of estimated new cases does not include non-melanoma skin cancer cases.)
Sometimes cancer resulting to death cases could be early avoided when we don’t lack the knowledge of how to go about our health medically, not ignoring the signs, getting the appropriate medical treatment and applying what we are told by medical experts who are specialize in treatment of cancer in general.
Thought I still believe in miracles because I have seen hundred of persons get healed from this deadly sickness, but if you know your faith doesn’t have the ability to get healed of cancer miraculously, then go for the medical aspect. Though with God all things are possible.
- I am sure You are transform by the information you get through me, I am also sure you can be part of our daily updates. Why not leave your email behind let me keep you informed with Inspirations, Health Columns and News always.
Some months ago, 2018 August. I loss a cousin of mine to breast cancer, each time I remember this I feel devastated about her death. But I don’t want to keep asking why but to inform those who need the help to get other chances to live the good life like every other healthy people. So today, I’ll focus on
What Is Mesothelioma (Cancer)?
Malignant mesothelioma or mesothelioma (me-zoe-thee-lee-O-muh) is a rare type of cancer that grows in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of your internal organs (mesothelium), such as the heart, lungs and other internal organs. This membrane, called mesothelium, protects organs by making fluid that allows, the lungs to move while breathing.
Mesothelioma is an aggressive and deadly form of cancer. Mesothelioma treatments are available, but for many people with mesothelioma, a cure isn’t/may not be possible.
Also read: What Is Virotherapy?
Doctors divide mesothelioma into different types based on what part of the mesothelium is affected. Mesothelioma most often affects the tissue that surrounds the lungs (pleura). According to the Mesothelioma Cancer Alliance, there are three varieties of malignant mesothelioma: pleural mesothelioma, which occurs in the the lung’s lining, or pleura; peritoneal mesothelioma, which occurs in the abdominal cavity wall, or peritoneum; and pericardial mesothelioma, which occurs in the lining of the heart, or the pericardium.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is the most common type, with about 70 percent of mesothelioma diagnoses. Another 15 percent to 20 percent of diagnoses are for peritoneal mesothelioma, while pericardial mesothelioma represents about 10 percent of diagnoses.
What Causes Mesothelioma?
In general, cancer begins when a series of changes (mutations) happens in a cell’s DNA. The mutations tell the cell to grow and multiply out of control. The abnormal cells accumulate and form a tumor. But DNA affects more than how we look. Some genes control when cells in the body grow, divide into new cells, and die. Changes in these genes may can lead to cancer.
Researchers have found several factors that increase a person’s risk of mesothelioma, but it’s not yet clear exactly how all of these factors might cause this cancer. Though researchers have identified factors that may increase the risk. It’s likely that cancers form because of an interaction between many factors, such as inherited conditions, your environment, your health conditions and your lifestyle choices.
However, other researchers have indicated Asbestos as the cause of mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is caused by inhaling or ingesting asbestos fibers. The mineral asbestos gets its name from the Ancient Greeks. The Greeks recognized the fireproof qualities of asbestos, while recognizing the harmful effects on asbestos workers. The word asbestos means inextinguishable.
About 8 out of 10 people with mesothelioma have been exposed to asbestos. When asbestos fibers are breathed in, they travel to the ends of small air passages and reach the pleura, where they can cause inflammation and scarring. This may damage cells’ DNA and cause changes that result in uncontrolled cell growth. But most people exposed to asbestos, even in large amounts, do not get mesothelioma.
The main risk factor for malignant mesothelioma is contact with asbestos. Asbestos is a natural, fibrous silicate mineral found in rock and soil that is heat resistant and very durable. It was once used in everything from insulation to car parts until its danger became better understood in the 1970s. According the American Lung Association, 70 percent to 80 percent of those diagnosed with mesothelioma had heavy contact with asbestos.
“Asbestos exposure through work with insulation, construction, shipbuilding or textiles or exposure to soiled clothes of an asbestos worker results in a six-fold increase in the risk of developing lung cancer and mesothelioma,” this risk is significantly higher in those who smoke in addition to asbestos exposure.
What makes asbestos so dangerous is that its fibers are microscopic, up to 1,200 times smaller than a human hair, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. The small particulate size makes asbestos easily inhaled. The tiny fibers enter the body, and then lodge in the internal tissue of the respiratory system, such as the lining of the lungs and inner cavity tissue. The body has a hard time getting rid of the particles once they are lodged into tissue.
Symptoms differ depending on where in the body the cancer grows. Mesothelioma symptoms commonly do not appear until 20 to 50 years after initial asbestos exposure, according to the American Lung Association. So, by the time a person is affected by mesothelioma they are typically over the age of 65 plus.
The main symptoms of mesothelioma of the lungs are shortness of breath and chest pain. Accumulation of fluid in the pleura caused by the mesothelioma, if sufficiently large, may also contribute to the shortness of breath.
Symptoms of peritoneal (abdominal) mesothelioma can include:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Swelling and pain in the abdomen
- Blood clotting abnormalities
- Bowel obstruction
Experiencing some of these symptoms does not mean someone has mesothelioma. Only a doctor can make such a diagnosis; usually only after tissue or fluid has been tested. If a biopsy is performed, tissue will be withdrawn and stain tested and examined under a microscope. The tissue may be determined to be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Though there are many symptoms of mesothelioma, it is hard to diagnose because many of the symptoms are shared by other diseases. A doctor will typically check for lumps during a physical checkup and may also order X-ray and computerized tomography (CT) scans to determine if the patient’s body has any abnormalities consistent with mesothelioma. If the doctor suspects mesothelioma, a biopsy of the affected area may also be ordered, according to the Mayo Clinic.
If mesothelioma is diagnosed, then the doctor will “stage” the diagnosis, meaning the cancer will be defined by severity. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), staging is broken up into three categories called TNM. The “T” stands for the extent that the primary tumor has spread. The “N” stands for how much of the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. “M” stands for whether the cancer has metastasized, which means the cancer spread to other organs.
Once the doctor understands the staging of the case, then a plan of treatment can be made. Though there is no cure for mesothelioma, treatments can help increase a patient’s life expectancy.
Radiation, surgery and chemotherapy are treatment options for those diagnosed with mesothelioma, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Surgery as a cure has been tried in rare cases where the patient is otherwise healthy, but often by the time it’s diagnosed, malignant mesothelioma has spread to other organs, according to the Cancer Society.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two medications for the treatment of malignant mesothelioma. According to the National Cancer Institute, these are pemetrexed disodium (sold in the United States under the brand name Alimta) and cisplatin (sold as Platinol and Platinol-AQ).
Mesothelioma Cancer Support Groups
Here in Africa, and in Nigeria I don’t think there are any provision made by the government to assist those who are suffering Mesothelioma or any form of cancerous disease at the time of doing this research, and when I do get any recognize group or organization I’ll ensure to add their site url to this post.
But that is not to say all hope is loss! And for those in well developed nations like that of the: United State Of America, Canada and others
If you or a loved one has mesothelioma, you may be entitled to compensation for your injuries. The only cause of mesothelioma is exposure to asbestos and the companies that exposed you to asbestos owe you compensation for your illness. This compensation is tax-free and will not affect other benefits that you receive.
There are several group online who offer such opportunities to support but I am doing research on that and would post some site ulr on this once I get information of any legit group helping those suffering from Mesothelioma cancer diseases.
Additional resources for finding about Mesothelioma