MonkeyPox Past Affected Country To Current Outbreak In Nigeria (Video).
Following the notification of a suspected Monkey pox outbreak on September 22, 2017 in Bayelsa State, other suspected cases have been reported from six more states in African biggest oil producing nation (Nigeria), bringing the total number of suspected cases to 31 across seven states in the nation. Monkey Pox past affected country to current outbreak in Nigeria took the nation by surprise, because at the time of this outbreak, Nigeria has no well equipped laboratory to carry out such research on this disease infection.Monkeypox Infection In Lagos, Other States, Cases Count To 31
What’s Monkey Pox and several Countries affected .
Monkey Pox is a rare viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted primarily from animals to humans with limited subsequent person to person transmission.
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The virus was first isolated from colonies of monkeys kept for research, hence the name “monkey pox.” The first recorded human case of monkey pox was in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of Congo during a period of intensified effort to eliminate smallpox. There were also reports of cases in Liberia, Sierra Leone and following the year, 1971, there was one case in Cote d’Ivoire and two cases in Nigeria.
Then in 1976 there were two cases in Cameroon and again in Nigeria, in 1978, one case was recorded. Since then, monkey pox has remained strictly a disease of Central and Western African countries.
In 2003 47 cases of monkey pox infections outbreak was recorded in US. It was also the first outside the offshore of Africa. Most of those affected was reported by medical personnel to had come in close contact with pet prairie dogs believed to have had contact with animals that were imported. Except in 2003,
Monkey pox disease symptoms
The monkey pox virus can cause an illness with symptoms that include fever, headache, body pain, malaise, lymphadenopathy (enlargement of glands), sore throat, vesicular skin rash, and painful jaw swelling. In previous outbreaks, it has led to death in about 1-10 per cent of infected cases. There is no specific medicine to treat the disease, but intensive supportive care helps patients to recover fully.
The largest outbreak ever reported in Africa was the 1996 DR Congo outbreak, with more than 70 cases. The outbreak lasted for a period of one year. During the outbreak, there was a significant association of human contacts with squirrel (trapping, preparing raw meat for cooking) and human-to-human transmission through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected persons.
In Africa, there are reports of human infections associated with handling of infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats and squirrels, with rodents being the major reservoir of the virus, and eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is a possible risk factor.
Do Monkey pox have cure yet?
In as much as the Nigeria government has taken appropriate steps and measures – alerting citizens, calling for calm, sending samples for laboratory testing, contacting international agencies for assistance- our national response is adequate. Unfortunately, there is no cure for the disease, although it is known that people who have received smallpox vaccine suffer a mild form of the disease. But remember smallpox vaccination was stopped in the 1980s, so should people born after that time contract the disease, they are likely to suffer a severe form.
How To Prevent this infection
First is to prevent transmission from animal to man through contact with any of the animals listed as natural hosts of the virus – monkeys, rodents, rats, squirrels etc. Those handling sick animals, raw or infected tissues, must wear gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. We must thoroughly cook all animal products (meat) before eating.
During a monkey pox outbreak, we must avoid close and direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected person. Since there is neither a vaccine nor a specific treatment for the disease, you need to raise awareness of the risk factors and educate people about the measures that must be taken to reduce exposure to the virus.
We cannot over stress the need for regular hand washing, especially after caring for or visiting sick people. Finally, we must keep our environment clean and free from invasion by rats and rodents.
So today Dr. Eyan AsibomCommissioner for health Cross River State, Dr. Tunde Ekweri Commissioner for health Ogun State and Chief Lawal backari in channel television program called Health Care discussed all the things you need to know about monkey pox .
Watch The Video Below can also educate you about monkey pox.