Why Pregnant Women Get Miscarriage, Signs, Symptoms, Risk & Causes.
Several times most women do encounter miscarriage immediately they take (conceived). And being from this part of Africa, miscarriage is however, consider as something superstitious relating it to spiritual, in as much something it could be a divine intervention to overcome such traumatic life experience. But today I’ll like to share something helpful, that you may however becomes informed being a pregnant lady or not, Why Pregnant Women Get Miscarriage, Signs, Symptoms, Risk & Causes to watch out for if one may encounter such.
A miscarriage is the loss of an embryo or fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. The medical term for miscarriage is spontaneous abortion.
Most people think miscarriages are very rare, but actually they are remarkably common, said Dr. Zev Williams, director of the program for early and recurrent pregnancy loss at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City, and a miscarriage researcher. “That’s one of the big misconceptions about pregnancy loss,” he said.
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The truth is that 20 to 30 percent of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. That’s roughly 1 in every 5 pregnancies, or about 1 million per year in the United States.
And almost every woman who might have had miscarriage blames herself for the pregnancy loss and feels like she did something wrong to cause it. But it’s rarely a woman’s fault: The majority of miscarriages — or 60 to 80 percent of them — are due to an abnormal number of chromosomes in the embryo. And yet his research revealed that 76 percent of people surveyed believed that a stressful event often causes a miscarriage, while 64 percent of men and women thought lifting a heavy object played a role in pregnancy loss. But according to Williams, lifting something heavy, regular stress or having an argument at work do not cause miscarriages.
Chances Of Having A Miscarriage?
• For women in their childbearing years, the chances of having a miscarriage can range from 10-25% , and in most healthy women the average is about a 15-20% chance.
• An increase in maternal age affects the chances of miscarriage
Women under the age of 35 yrs old have about a 15% chance of miscarriage.
• Women who are 35-45 yrs old have a 20-35% chance of miscarriage.
• Women over the age of 45 can have up to a 50% chance of miscarriage.
A woman who has had a previous miscarriage has a 25% chance of having another (only a slightly elevated risk than for someone who has not had a previous miscarriage).
2 different miscarriage women experience
There are two types of miscarriage women do experience which arr:
• One class is known as sporadic miscarriage. Vast majority of sporadic miscarriages occur because the embryo receives an abnormal number of chromosomes. This genetic error may happen during fertilization, when the egg and sperm unite, and this makes it difficult for the embryo to survive.
• The second type of miscarriage is known as recurrent pregnancy loss . This refers to a woman who has had two or more miscarriages, according to a recently redefined definition by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Recurrent pregnancy loss occurs in up to 5 percent of couples attempting to conceive.
Miscarriage Warning Signs
If you experience any or all of these symptoms, it is important to contact your health care provider or a medical facility to evaluate if you could be having a miscarriage:
• Mild to severe back pain (often worse than normal menstrual cramps).
• Weight loss.
•True contractions (very painful happening every 5-20 minutes).
• Brown or bright red bleeding with or without cramps (20-30% of all pregnancies can experience some bleeding in early pregnancy, with about 50% of those resulting in normal pregnancies).
• Tissue with clot like material passing from the vagina.
• Sudden decrease in signs of pregnancy
Women who have recurrent miscarriages typically have no problem getting pregnant, and they often seem to be having a healthy, normal pregnancy, but they keep miscarriage.
Cause for repeat miscarriages
A woman suffering from the condition needs to undergo testing and see a specialist, who will try to determine a possible cause. A woman having recurrent pregnancy loss may be evaluated for blood-clotting problems, hormone imbalances, thyroid disorders, autoimmune disease, scarring or fibroid in the uterus.
The mother-to-be and her partner may undergo blood tests to evaluate chromosome abnormalities.[Unimaginable Things Men Can Understand About A PREGNANT Wife]
Risk of miscarriage?
Maternal age is by far the biggest risk factor for spontaneous miscarriage, and the older a woman gets, the greater the chances that her eggs might contain an abnormal number of chromosomes, making miscarriages more likely.
The risk of miscarriage
increases with a mother’s age , beginning at age 30 and becoming greater after age 35, according to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Causes of pregnancy miscarriage
Possible causes of pregnancy loss include the mother’s health issues, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, thyroid disease and autoimmune disorders (such as lupus), according to the NICHD. Other factors that may contribute to pregnancy loss may include uterine or cervical abnormalities as well as maternal or fetal infections.
Lifestyle factors, such as a pregnant woman who smokes, drinks alcohol , uses drugs, is obese or has more than 200 milligrams of caffeine (the amount in a 12-ounce cup of coffee) a day before becoming pregnant, may also increase her risk of miscarriage.
But it’s not just a woman’s consumption of coffee that may affect her risk of miscarriage. The caffeine habits of her male partner could also make a difference. A researchers report in 2016 study, among couples in which the male partner drank two or more caffeinated beverages daily before conception was linked with a 74 percent higher risk of miscarriage.
What is a stillbirth?
A stillbirth is when the loss of a fetus occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In about half of all cases of stillbirths, no cause was found for the pregnancy loss, according to the NICHD.
Many of the health conditions and lifestyle reasons listed above as possible causes of a miscarriage also apply to a stillbirth. Some additional risk factors for stillbirth include placental problems, umbilical cord accidents, Rh disease (caused by a blood incompatibility between the mother and the fetus) and a lack of oxygen to the fetus during delivery.
What Warning signs of miscarriage?
The most common cases of miscarriage are vaginal bleeding and passing blood clots. A woman may also have cramping that feels worse than menstrual cramps, or mild to severe lower back pain.
A sudden decrease in pregnancy signs, such as nausea, may be another possible warning sign of miscarriage.
How can couples treat miscarriages?
Most couples who have experienced one or two miscarriages and who have no underlying medical problems, typically will go on to have a healthy, successful pregnancy, Williams said.
Pregnancy loss is usually treated in one of three ways, and each choice has its own risks and benefits.
The first approach is to do nothing and for a woman to wait until the pregnancy loss passes naturally on its own. The advantage of this method is that less medical intervention is needed. But one disadvantage is that it can take up to two weeks for the pregnancy loss to occur. Also, bleeding can be very heavy, and important genetic information from the fetal tissue can’t be tested to possibly understand why the miscarriage happened.
A second treatment approach is the use of a medication that causes the pregnancy to pass within 6 to 12 hours. The benefit of this treatment is that the timing of the pregnancy loss is known because the cramping can be severe. One disadvantage is that it is hard to recover the fetal tissue to test it afterward.
A third treatment option is a surgical approach known as dilation and curettage , also known as a D&C. In this procedure, a doctor will remove any remaining fetal tissue from the lining of a woman’s uterus, and the tissue can be tested.
When should couples become pregnant again after miscarriage?
Williams said that medical thinking on this question has changed over time. It used to be that women were told to wait a year before becoming pregnant again following a miscarriage; then it became six months, and now its three months, he said.
A lot depends on when the miscarriage took place during the pregnancy. If the pregnancy loss happened in the early weeks of pregnancy, a couple can wait one menstrual cycle, he advised. (Most women get their period again four to six weeks after a miscarriage, according to the March of Dimes.) But if the pregnancy loss occurred after 20 weeks, he suggested waiting at least three months.
Williams recommended that after a miscarriage, a woman should be monitored by her physician or midwife, and she should ideally wait for her uterus and hormone levels to return to their pre pregnancy states.
The bottom line: A woman and her partner should begin trying to get pregnant after a miscarriage when they both feel physically and emotionally ready, according to a 2016 study.